To accomplish the Sustainable Sites LEED Certification you have to plan and initiate practices that occupants can continue.
Sustainable sites offer accommodations for alternative transportation as well as abundant materials recycling receptacles.
Location Selection is the first factor of developing a Sustainable site.
Land selection for a new construction site involves factors such as proximity, value and land use and size needs. Questions for developers involve:
- How much land will the real estate and parking conservatively require?
- What natural vegetation exists?
- Is there wildlife for which we need to accommodate? Assist to thrive?
- What water use do we require and what impact will be have on ground water?
- What options of transportation will occupants have?
- Where are our sources of energy and how can we produce our own?
Continuing the course set by development and construction, a Sustainable Site will maintain efforts in purchasing recycled materials and resources and recycling materials after use.
There are many household and office items that can be recycled:
- Plastic water bottle
- Cardboard boxes
- Light bulbs
The difficulty comes in managing the receptacles and moving the collected materials to appropriate recycling centers. It is an achievement of the sustainable site to plan and follow through to maintain this goal.
Lastly is Heat Island Effect:
The term “heat island” describes built up areas that are hotter than nearby rural areas. The annual mean air temperature of a city with 1 million people or more can be 1.8–5.4°F (1–3°C) warmer than its surroundings. In the evening, the difference can be as high as 22°F (12°C). Heat islands can affect communities by increasing summertime peak energy demand, air conditioning costs, air pollution and greenhouse gas emissions, heat-related illness and mortality, and water quality. (Visit EPA.gov for more information)
Points for Sustainable Site
Sustainable sites credits encourage strategies that minimize the impact on ecosystems and water resources.
- Prereq 1 – Construction Activity Pollution Prevention Required
- Credit 1 – Site Selection
- Credit 2 – Development Density & Community Connectivity
- Credit 3 – Brownfield Redevelopment
- Credit 4.1 – Alternative Transportation,Public Transportation Access
- Credit 4.2 – Alternative Transportation,Bicycle Storage & Changing Rooms
- Credit 4.3 – Alternative Transportation, Low-Emitting & Fuel-Efficient Vehicles
- Credit 4.4 – Alternative Transportation, Parking Capacity
- Credit 5.1 – Site Development, Protect or Restore Habitat
- Credit 5 2 – Site Development Site Development, Maximize Open Space
- Credit 6.1 – Stormwater Design, Quantity Control
- Credit 6.2 – Stormwater Design, Quality Control
- Credit 7.1 Heat Island Effect, Non-Roof
- Credit 7.2 Heat Island Effect, Roof
- Credit 8 Light Pollution Reduction
For more articles on specific LEED Categories click the links below.